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The Gampen Gallery in the Bunker

A museum set in underground galleries

At only 1,520 m, the Gampenpass mountain pass (Passo Palade in Italian) is one of the lowest mountain passes in the Alps and was the main north-south route once used by wayfarers and pilgrims, before the roads were built.

At only 1,520 m, the Gampenpass mountain pass (Passo Palade in Italian) is one of the lowest mountain passes in the Alps and was the main north-south route once used by wayfarers and pilgrims, before the roads were built. The Alta Val di Non/Deutschnonsberg area always represented the boundary between cultures and served as a frontier: a place of both meeting and separation.

The Gampenpass in Deutschnonsberg is also positioned along a geological fault line. The Eurasian and African plates are joined along the 700 km Insubria historical-geographical line, making it the longest tectonic fault line in the Alps.

Built between 1935 and 1939, the road across the Gamepnpass mountain pass connecting the villages of Lana in South Tyrol and Fondo in Trentino represented an engineering feat at the time.

One of the most important WWII-era bunker systems in South Tyrol was built on the Gampenpass on the border between South Tyrol and Trentino. Today the bunker in the Gampen Gallery hosts exhibitions including a permanent collection of minerals and a photo exhibition.

 
 

The underground Gampen Bunker in the Deutschnonsberg region occupies four levels, comprising over 2,000 tunnels and 286 steps.

 
 

The Gampen Bunker system now houses a fascinating collection of 2,500 minerals from all over the world, assembled by mineralogist and collector Toni Kiem.

 
 

The entrance hall of the Gampen Bunker serves as a photographic exhibition and the title of the current exhibition is The road across the Gampenpass.